What the deserts are silent about
This excursion tour is designed for hardy travelers, as the route runs through the dried Aral Sea, provides accommodation in tents, crossings on the Aral Kum and Kara Kum deserts. Once the Aral Sea was indeed a sea. Back in the 50s of the XX century, this reservoir, located between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, had an area of 68 thousand square meters.
At the beginning of the XXI century, the situation became completely different. The area of the reservoir was 14 thousand square meters. km, and the deepest places corresponded to only 30 meters. But the sea not only decreased in the area. It also broke up into two isolated reservoirs.
This fascinating route will allow you to learn the history of the ancient mysterious city of Khiva, a city-museum in the open air.
On the territory of the region are also located many ruins of ancient cities, destroyed by ruthless wars and engulfed by quicksand of boundless deserts.
A trip to Uzbekistan along the route "What the Desert Silence" will allow you to make a real trip in time and immerse yourself in the thousand-year history of this region.
|Start of the tour: Nukus||Accommodation: 3 stars.|
|End of tour: Khiva||Tour category: Historical tours, Sightseeing tours.|
|Duration: 4 days / 3 nights||Сities: Nukus, Muynak, Khiva.|
Day 1: Nukus
Meeting at the airport of the city of Nukus.
Near the city used to be a large pond, called the Aral Sea. Unfortunately, for many reasons, and in particular for the negligence of mankind, the sea began to dry out and at present only a tenth of it remains. Now instead of a large sea, Nukus is surrounded by two more formed deserts Akkum and Aralkum.
Departure to the Aral Sea and Ustyurt Plateau.
Level of difficulty: consists of a combination of walking and car travel. Tourists need to keep in mind that a day on this route will have to travel from 200 to 450 km. The conditions are extreme. The main part of the road consists of impassability and rut. Overnight in tents. Cooking at the stake.
Equipment (tents, sleeping bags and dishes) will be issued with the condition of rent. Food and drinking water will be purchased in the local market (fresh). It is necessary to have warm clothes, sunglasses and a hat, clothes and footwear (tracking) preferably waterproof. In the event that someone uses any medication, then they have them with him. The round trip is 800-850 km.
On the way - a visit to the Kungrad area - one of the shopping centers on the Great Silk Road. Picnic on the shore of Lake Sudochi. Visiting fisheries, an old fishery in Ugra. Further the road runs along the bottom of the dried up sea through the gas towers and leads to the former lighthouse. On the way stop at the canyons.
Departure to the Aral Sea.
Night in tents.
Day 2: Nukus - Muynak
Early rise, meeting of the dawn.
Departure to Muynak, which is now known as the "cemetery of ships". Excursion along the seashore and canyons. Visiting the Gas Plant Uchsai. Picnic.
Return to Nukus. On the foothills - a visit to the architectural complex of Mizdakhan (XIV century).
Arrival in Nukus, accommodation at the hotel, rest.
Night in Nukus.
Day 3: Nukus - Khiva
Visit the famous IV Museum of Art. Savitsky, who holds the second place in the world in the collection of paintings of the Russian Avant-garde.
Departure to Khiva.
On the way - visiting the monuments of Ancient Khorezm - Ancient fortresses: Chilpik ("abode of spirits"), Jampik-kala, Toprak-Kala ("clay fortress", ancient capital of Khorezmshahs), Ellik-Kala, Ayaz-Kala (90-100 km).
Lunch in Ayaz-kala - a complex of fortresses of the VI-VII centuries.
Arrival to Khiva.
Khiva is a city-museum in the open air. On the territory of 2.4 hectares the central part of the ancient city was preserved, surrounded by a fortified wall with four gates. On the territory there are palaces of rulers, harem, mosques, minarets, mausoleums and madrassas, as well as carpet workshops, woodcarving workshops, teahouses.
Night in Khiva.
Day 4: Khiva
Khiva, perhaps, is a small city - its population barely reaches 40,000 people - but its history as the most preserved city on the ancient Silk Road, conveys its main attraction for tourists, restoring the historic trade route.
It seems that no one knows for sure how old this ancient city is, although history says that Khiva was founded by none other than Shem, the son of Noah (who built the Ark), and at least the date of the foundation of the city dates back to the VII century and possibly much earlier.
Khiva is a city of one-day excursion. Most of the city mosques, minarets and other historical buildings, known for their exquisite majolica and naturalistic painting, are in a historical place called Ichan-Kala.
Excursion: Ichan Kala. Cunha Arc (XVII-XIX centuries). Ensemble Ala Kuli Khan (XVII-XIX centuries). Complex Pakhlavon Mahmud (XIII-XIV centuries). Tash Hauli Palace (XIX century). Madrasah and the Minaret of Islam Khoja (beginning of the XX century). Madrasah of Shergazi Khan (XVIII century).
Transfer to the airport of Urgench.
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