Mausoleum of Chashma Ayub - a source of sacred healing
The name of the mausoleum is associated with the name of St. Job or Ayub, widely known in Islam, Christianity and Judaism. According to the Book of Job, the God-pleasing righteous Job (Ayub) was a very faithful saint, never angry with God. But Satan decided to open his eyes to Job's "false righteousness" and sent misfortune and illness to the holy man. So Satan wanted to prove that when there is grief, all kindness and piety are lost in man. But no suffering could stir the saint, even at the slightest anger and malice in the direction of God. For this he was awarded twice: he returned his wealth, happiness, and most importantly health. Since then, the holy righteous has been healed and began to heal people himself.
The Legend of the Healing Well
Mausoleum of Chashma Ayub is known throughout the region for its healing source of sacred water from a well. According to the legend, Saint Ayub passed through the arid lands of Bukhara and heard people's prayers for salvation from thirst. The righteous struck his stick on the ground and a long-awaited source was started there. Water possessed healing powers and began to treat people from illnesses as God's gift once healed Ayub. And so the rumor spread about this place throughout Central Asia. Even now, many tourists come to the mausoleum to drink holy water and be healed.
Entourage of the ancient mausoleum
The mausoleum was built in the 12th century in the ancient city of Bukhara. At that time the city was ruled by the Karakhanid dynasty, although the sign at the entrance indicates that the mausoleum was erected during the reign of the great Amir Temur. Construction was under the supervision of skilled masters from Khorezm. Anyway, the mausoleum consists of 4 rooms decorated with domes, inside it there is a burial place of the scholar and theologian Khoja Hofiz Gungeori. In the courtyard in hot weather the small fountain cools the air, near which tourists and pilgrims rest.
4 interesting facts about the mausoleum
1. At present, the museum of water operates in the mausoleum. Its exposition is represented by exhibits of irrigation, sewerage and water supply, used for many centuries in Bukhara. Among them, water pipes, various wineskins (bags for storing water), copper and ceramic dishes, as well as other items. There are stories about the canals, reservoirs and khauz of Bukhara.
2. An exhibition of national Bukhara carpets is held on the territory of the mausoleum. As you know, Bukhara carpets are famous all over the world, in the distant Middle Ages whole caravans carried them along the Great Silk Road. Bukhara carpets are a real highlight of an ancient city. At the exhibition you can get acquainted with the technique of weaving and admire the beauty of ornaments.
3. In October 2017, the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Kirill, while on a visit to Bukhara, visited the holy mausoleum of Chashma Ayub. Now the Orthodox Church of St. Archangel Michael in Bukhara regularly holds laudatory church chants (akathists) in the mausoleum, the place where the foot of the holy righteous Job came.
4. The mausoleum of Chashma Ayub is depicted on an Uzbek bank note with a nominal value of 3 soums. Although it has long been out of circulation, it will be a wonderful souvenir of the journey through ancient Bukhara.