Mausoleum of Al-Kaffal was built in the 10th century over the tomb of a Muslim theologian and scientist whose full name is Abu Bakir ibn Ismail Al-Kaffal Al-Shoshiy. He became widely known for his excellent knowledge in science, philosophy and poetry.
The great scientist was born in 903 in Tashkent into a skilled craftsmen family, famous for its manufacture of locks. Having acquired the rich experience and secret skills from his father, he was surnamed "the Kaffal", that means "Locksmith". There is a popular perception that such a nickname was given to him also for the fact that he managed to fabricate a large lock, the key of which weighed more than a kilogram. He owed his rich knowledge and authority to his study in the best madrassas of the capital. Imam Al-Kaffal sacrificed his life to Islamic studies, jurisprudence, as well as eloquent poetry, one of his famous works was the book "The Beauty of Dialectics."
Al-Kaffal Al-Shoshiy passed away in 976, and the place of his burial immediately acquired the glory of a holy pilgrimage. The first burial, mentioned in the 10th century, has not survived to this day, and in 1541 a legendary mausoleum was erected by the famous architect G. Hussein. Thanks to him for a few centuries a large historical square Hazrat Imam ("Saint Imam"), located in the old part of Tashkent - Sebzar, was formed here. Its composition includes two high minarets, Madrasah "Barakhan", madrasa "Muyi Muborak" and the cathedral mosque "Tilla Shaikh", with a rich library of more than 30,000 manuscripts.
The appearance of the mausoleum of Al-Kaffal is unlike other traditional buildings, since it represents a hanaka - a refuge for pilgrims. Now, like thousands of years ago, hundreds of religious Muslims and tourists come to the mausoleum for advice and tranquility of the soul. This place has acquired special importance for the entire Islamic world, becoming one of the centers of the congregation of believers from different countries.