Khast Imam - rightfully the Spiritual Center of Muslims (10-21 century)
Khast Imam (Khazrati Imam) is a unique historical complex dedicated to outstanding and influential public figures who have been building monuments here since the middle of the 10th century to the present day. Their main goal has always been and will be the preservation, enrichment and development of the Islamic religion and the culture of the Central Asian peoples.
The original holy book of Muslims - Khalifa Usmans "Quran" is presented on an open display here. It was written in the middle of the 7th century. Written in calligraphic letters, it can easily be read to this day, since all the letters are clearly visible and well read. The book is written on the leather of a deer. Thanks to the "Quran" of Caliph Usman, today Khast Imam is one of the most revered places for Ziyarat (pilgrimage) - visiting holy places.
Khast Imam is also interesting to people who study history, art, culture and appreciate old, unusually beautiful places.
What Khast Imam includes ?
Multi-chamber mausoleum-khanaka of Khast Imam Abubekr Muhammad Kaffal Shashi. He was a philosopher, writer, diplomat, theologian, born in 903. In the middle of the 10th century, Muhammad Kaffal managed to preserve Islam when Shash (Tashkent) was conquered by Karakhanids who were not Muslims. With the help of his diplomatic giftedness and deep understanding of the foundations and principles of then Islamic doctrines, Khast Imam coped with this task. And the new khans learned and adopted this knowledge with interest.
Madrasah Barakhan. It was erected by Barakkhan for a talented poet of the 16th century, a historian and spiritual mentor Zainutdin Vasifi (a student of Alisher Navoi). In this madrasah, Vasifi worked hard and published the book "Badai al-Wakai", in which he included not only the amazing stories of his people, memoirs, poems, but also funny stories about the Timurids and Shaybanids
The Namazgokh Mosque. It was built for the soldiers of the Kokand garrison in the middle of the 18th century. Designed for prayers and services during the holidays of Kurban-Bayram (Eid al-Adha)
Madrasah Mui Muborak. Now it is a library of annals and collections of manuscript books about Islam. The original Qur'an, published by Caliph Usman in the 7th century AD is kept here.
The main commemoration mosque Khazret Imam (2008). It was designed by modern architects and in the style of the 16th century. Yellow bricks were used for lining the building. Calligraphic inscriptions were made at the entrance to the mosque. Its beauty fascinates: patterns and ornaments like spilled waves in the sea are poured on glazed tiles from light blue to black-blue colors.
Islamic Institute named after Al Bukhori (1960). The only higher educational institution in the Soviet Union, which produces preachers and theologians of Islam. The merit of creating such an educational institution belongs to Ziyautdinhan ibn Eshon Babakhon.
It should be noted that Eshon Babakhon, like Muhammad Kafal, is a symbolic figure in the preservation and development of Islam. It was Eshon Babakhon who in 1943 applied to the Supreme Commander of the USSR I.V. Stalin with a request to restore in Central Asia the spiritual center of Muslims. After the repressions, when religion was banned in the early 30s of the 20th century, after Eshon Babakhon's imprisonment he nevertheless took heart and continued his activity. He also created CASDM - Central Asian Spiritual Directorate of Muslims, and Barakhkhan Madrasah became his residence. He is buried in the mausoleum of Muhammad Kafal.
Mystically, such important figures of culture and religion of Uzbekistan were all in one place – Khast Imam.
The mausoleum of Kafal fell into decay and was reconstructed many times, but still managed to remain its original appearance by common efforts. This is the uniqueness of the complex of Khast Imam, which formed during more than ten centuries. And contemporaries with gratitude turned this place into the spiritual center of Muslims.